The celebration of the Day of the Dead in Mexico is a tradition that dates back to the pre-hispanic era where it honors and remembers all the souls that continued their journey in the world of the dead.
In that period, many Mesoamerican ethnic groups such as the Mexica believed that the souls could get to Mictlan, “place of the dead” they had to deal with and overcome a number of obstacles to achieve eternal rest. According to their beliefs, the Mictlan was divided according to the way to die. For example, in Tonatiuh Icha – house of the sun – they buried the warriors who died on the battlefield. In Cincalco – house of the god Tonacatecutli – they buried those who died being infants because being so young they were considered innocent.
But for souls to begin their journey to Mictlan, their living relatives had to accompany them with a series of rituals that with the arrival of the Spanish underwent certain changes merging the celebration of the god of the underworld of the pre-hispanic culture of Mexico with the Catholic festivity of Day of All Saints and All Souls, reinventing the process up to be conceived as we currently know it.
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